Fractures are cracks in the bones. there are many different types of fracture and they can be grouped into the following categories:
Closed breaks or fractures are where the bone is broken completely.
Compound fractures are where the bone punctures the skin.
Complicated breaks are where nerve damage has also occurred.
Dislocations are where a joint comes apart.
There may be different types of fractures. A closed fracture is where the skin is not broken, but there may be a small crack in the bone, or it may be completely broken and there may be other sorts of injuries like blood vessels or soft tissue damage. Fractures can be stable or unstable. A stable fracture is where the bone ends do not move, as they’re not completely broken. Or it could be something like an impact injury. Common examples of this are the shoulder, the wrist, ankle, or the hip. Extra damage is not normally done by the first aider in these cases. An unstable fracture is where the bone ends can possibly move, and these require much more care by the first aider. What you will need to do is try and avoid moving the bone ends and immobilising them as much as you can. This could be hard because of extra damage to soft tissues. An open fracture is where the bone exposed through the skin, which can also have other problems that we need to deal with. These could be things like excessive bleeding, and also that the patient has become very, very distressed.