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If someone is involved in an accident, you need to assess what injuries the person has. If they're conscious you can talk to them while doing the full head to toe assessment of their body, looking out for injuries to their body.

First, you need to approach safely, think of scene safety, introduce yourself and get the person's permission to help. You're looking for the signs and symptoms. Signs are what you see and symptoms are what the patient tells you.

In this example, the person's been hit by a car. We do not suspect spinal injury so we can carry out an assessment, starting at the head and talking to the patient the whole time. Once you've completed the assessment, you can treat the injuries and you can pass this information onto the EMS when they arrive.