The Jext

The Jext is a type of auto-injector used to treat anaphylaxis. Inside of the Jext is a medicine which is called adrenaline. Adrenaline acts quickly to control the symptoms of anaphylaxis. It narrows the blood vessels so that blood pressure can start to return to normal and also relaxes the lungs and throat so you […]

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The Emerade

The Emerade is a type of auto-injector used to treat anaphylaxis. Inside of the Emerade is a medicine which is called adrenaline. Adrenaline acts quickly to control the symptoms of anaphylaxis. It narrows the blood vessels so that blood pressure can start to return to normal and also relaxes the lungs and throat so you […]

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Skin Anatomy

The skin is the largest organ in the entire body. It is composed of many layers of tissue and is full of nerve endings, blood vessels and hair follicles. The skin has many different functions, those of which will be explored in this page. Skin cells are constantly being replaced, and it takes around a […]

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Cerebrospinal Fluid

Cerebrospinal fluid is a type of body fluid which looks very similar to water. It is a liquid that is clear and colourless. One of its main functions is to protect the central nervous system from damage. It provides mechanical protection and is found surrounding the brain and the spinal cord. The brain produces around […]

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Internal Bleeding

Internal bleeds are very serious as the casualty is still technically losing blood, even if it is still technically inside their body. Internal bleeding is often very hard to detect, as no blood can be seen leaving the body. Instead, it pools inside the body, building up over time. The bleeding can occur around organs, […]

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Dehydration

Dehydration occurs when your body uses more water than you consume. If you do not consume enough water this can affect the functions of the body. This occurs because the balance of minerals, vitamins and other chemicals in your body is not normal. Dehydration has an effect on proper nutrition as the correct fluids are […]

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Adult CPR

Adult CPR, or Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation, is vital for restarting someones heart if it stops beating. If someone is unconscious, check to see if they are breathing and if they are not, commence CPR. Arriving at the Scene As a First Aider, the first thing you should always do is check for dangers. Your safety […]

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Sickle Cell Anaemia

Sickle Cell Anaemia affects the haemoglobin in red blood cells, which carry oxygen from the lungs to all parts of the body. Sickle cell anaemia is a genetic condition where the red blood cells are not a normal (biconcave) shape. Instead, they look like sickles. Due to it being genetic, people are born with this […]

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Biphasic Anaphylactic Response

Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency, however, with all anaphylactic reactions, a biphasic anaphylactic response is possible. This like a second wind of the reaction, yet there is a clear time distinction between the two. With anaphylaxis, there would be an immediate reaction to the trigger. The biphasic anaphylactic response then follows. These second reactions can […]

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Cervical Collars

Cervical collars are specifically designed to immobilise the part of the spine in someone’s neck. These will be used when a patient has a suspected spinal injury. After things such as car crashes, most people involved may be fitted with cervical collars. You need to fit one onto a casualty with the greatest care. This […]

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