Tourniquets

Tourniquets can only be used on arms or legs. With other parts of the body, you would have to use direct pressure and haemostatic dressings. Tourniquets control excessive bleeding that you cannot control with direct pressure and pressure dressings. These types of bleeds are classified as catastrophic bleeds. They include amputations, stab wounds, gunshot wounds, […]

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Improvised tourniquet

Improvised Tourniquets

If you do not have a commercial tourniquet, you can create improvised tourniquets using something flexible such as a triangular bandage, a scarf or a necktie. However, you should not use a thin flexible material such as a shoelace, string or a wire. If you were to use something like this, you may end up […]

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The Healing Process to Bleeding

Bleeding can occur through many different means, such as an RTC or knife crime. As a First Aider, you should always try and stop the bleeding as fast as possible, especially when the bleeding is classed as a catastrophic bleed. When bleeding, the body starts to repair injuries within the first 24 hours but the […]

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Hepatitis C

What is Hepatitis C?

The Hepatitis C virus, or HCV, reproduces in the liver causing inflammation and, in more extreme cases, cirrhosis and liver cancer. There are six main strains of the virus. In the UK, genotype 1 and genotype 3 are the most common strains. The exact number of people infected with the virus is unknown due to […]

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Nose Bleeds

Nose Bleeds are common in children and adults and in most cases are easily treated. Nosebleeds can be distressing to children and be embarrassing to adults. Blood vessels in the nose are close to the skin and easily damaged by putting things in the nose, as well as stress and illness. Nosebleeds can also be […]

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shock

Shock

Shock is defined as a lack of oxygen to the body’s tissues. Many different things can cause this, and there are lots of different types of shock. Types of Shock The first one is hypovolemic shock. This occurs normally during or after a major trauma incident, for example, a car crash, where the patient loses […]

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Cerebral Contusion

Cerebral Contusion

A Cerebral Contusion is when there is bruising on the brain – this happens in around 20-30% of all serious head injuries. Blood vessels in the brain get damaged and leak. This causes pockets of blood to form either in or around the brain. Consequently, the pressure builds up and it will affect the brain. […]

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Cerebral Compression

Cerebral Compression

Cerebral Compression is where there is pressure on the brain caused by swelling or bleeding. This is a very serious condition and the Emergency Medical Services should be alerted. The swelling can be due to a build-up of blood within the skull or swelling of injured brain tissues. This may be caused by cerebral contusion, […]

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Splinters

Splinters can enter the body in many different ways and forms. Common items are wood splinters and small pieces of metal. Any splinter is classed as a foreign object in the body. Getting a splinter is not normally serious unless it is a sensitive part of the body like the eyes. Treating Splinters After gaining […]

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