TQUK Level 3 Award in First Aid at Work - Online Blended Part 1

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Course Content

Other Types of Injury

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2 min 45 sec
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Types of Injuries and First Aid Procedures

1. Contusion

A contusion, often referred to as a bruise or the result of a blunt blow, can vary in appearance due to individual differences. For instance, the elderly or young individuals may bruise more easily.

First Aid: Applying a cold compress can help alleviate pain, reduce blood flow, and minimize swelling.

2. Abrasion

An abrasion is characterized by a scrape to the skin, usually considered a minor injury. In many cases, rinsing the affected area with clean water or a saline solution may suffice.

First Aid: Since it typically involves small capillary cuts and minimal skin removal, covering the area may not be necessary, as bleeding often stops quickly.

3. Laceration

Lacerations are rough tears in the skin, often occurring in scenarios like catching one's hand on barbed wire. They can be serious and require treatment similar to that for serious bleeding.

4. Incision

An incision refers to a clean cut, which can be caused by, for example, a knife. Depending on the location and depth of the cut, incisions can be serious and even life-threatening.

5. Puncture

Puncture wounds involve objects piercing directly into the skin, such as stab wounds. These can also be serious, and treatment should follow the guidelines for serious bleeding. If the object remains in the body, leave it in place and bandage around it.

6. Velocity

Velocity injuries occur when an object passes through the body, as in gunshot wounds. This type of injury is severe and is treated as a case of serious bleeding. The extent of damage may not be immediately apparent, so prompt medical assistance is crucial.

7. Amputation

Amputation involves the removal of a body part, whether it's a finger, wrist, or leg. The severity of this condition varies depending on the affected body part. First aid includes keeping the patient calm, addressing shock, and treating for serious bleeding. Notify emergency medical services (EMS) and handle the severed body part by wrapping it in cling film or a plastic bag, followed by gauze or soft fabric. Place it in a container of ice, ensuring direct contact with ice is avoided. Label the container with the accident time and provide it to the EMS team.

8. De-gloving

De-gloving occurs when all the skin is removed from a body part, such as when a ring becomes entangled in machinery. This can be a distressing and severe injury.